Your Monday Briefing: Russia Seizes Lysychansk

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Good morning. We’re overlaying Russia’s victory in a key jap metropolis, Japan’s devastating warmth wave and Pakistan’s debate over transgender rights.

Ukraine’s army mentioned Sunday that it had withdrawn from the important thing jap metropolis of Lysychansk, the final metropolis in Luhansk Province nonetheless held by Ukraine.

Moscow’s victory means Russian forces are in command of massive elements of the Donbas, a coal-rich area that has turn out to be Russia’s focus since its defeat round Kyiv within the spring. Ukrainian forces are actually bolstering defenses alongside the border line between Luhansk and the neighboring province of Donetsk, residents mentioned.

After Ukraine withdrew from Lysychansk, explosions hit the middle of a Russian metropolis simply north of Ukraine, killing 4, officers mentioned. It’s the deadliest identified episode affecting civilians in Russia because the begin of the conflict. Moscow blamed Ukraine for the assault in Belgorod; Ukraine’s army had no fast remark.

Listed here are stay updates.

What’s subsequent: Lysychansk gives Russia a base to mount offensives on cities to the southwest. Yesterday, the Ukrainian metropolis of Sloviansk suffered its heaviest shelling. A minimum of six individuals had been killed and greater than a dozen had been injured, the mayor mentioned.

Japan is enduring considered one of its worst warmth waves on file. Officers are urging individuals to maintain their air-conditioners working to keep away from warmth stroke, although doing so may result in potential energy shortages.

Japan’s getting older inhabitants is particularly weak to warmth stroke and exhaustion, and officers have attributed plenty of deaths to the warmth.

Hospitalizations are additionally rising: Officers mentioned that over 4,500 individuals with signs of warmth stroke and exhaustion had been taken to hospitals in ambulances in latest days, greater than 4 instances the quantity from the identical interval a yr in the past. Most sufferers had been 65 or older.

Information: In Tokyo on Saturday, temperatures exceeded 95 levels Fahrenheit — about 35 Celsius — for the eighth straight day. The capital has solely seen such a streak as soon as earlier than since 1875, when record-keeping started.

Context: Japan is weak to energy blackouts in durations of excessive demand as a result of it depends closely on liquefied pure fuel, which is difficult to stockpile, and which has turn out to be dearer since Russia invaded Ukraine in February.


4 years in the past, Pakistan grew to become one of many few international locations to guard transgender individuals’s rights in statute. It enacted a regulation that prohibits discrimination in colleges, workplaces and public settings, and ensures the best to decide on one’s gender on official paperwork.

Initially, some emerged from the shadows. However not too long ago, violence has surged. In a spate of assaults in March, 4 transgender individuals had been killed and others had been injured within the northwest.

Enforcement of the regulation can be inconsistent. The laws requires the institution of safety facilities, the place trans individuals can entry psychological well being companies, authorized companies and non permanent housing. However just one has opened to this point, in Islamabad, the capital.

And discrimination stays frequent. Many individuals stay as they did earlier than 2018, hiding their identities, shunned by their households, denied medical care and huddling collectively in group properties for security.

Information: Pakistan has not too long ago averaged about 10 homicides of transgender individuals yearly, in accordance with the Trans Homicide Monitoring challenge. That’s greater than earlier than the regulation handed and, relative to inhabitants, excess of its neighbors.

Kaleem Ullah Khan, the “mango man,” has spent a lifetime grafting 300 kinds of mango onto one mom tree. By doing so, the 82-year-old horticulturist has grafted his personal life story onto it as nicely.

“Typically, the tree asks me questions — and I sit up and take into consideration them,” he mentioned. “It leaves me stressed — what does it need? I take into consideration the questions for hours.”

This month, the James Webb House Telescope will start spying on planets that orbit different stars. Astronomers hope that the highly effective telescope will reveal whether or not some harbor atmospheres which may assist life.

Figuring out an environment in one other photo voltaic system could be exceptional sufficient. However there may be even an opportunity — albeit tiny — that considered one of these atmospheres will supply what is named a biosignature: a sign of life itself.

Since 1995, scientists have discovered greater than 5,000 exoplanets. Some are just like Earth — roughly the identical dimension, fabricated from rock quite than fuel and orbiting in a “Goldilocks zone” round their star, not so shut as to get cooked however not as far as to be frozen.

The comparatively small dimension of those exoplanets has made them extraordinarily troublesome to check, till now. The James Webb House Telescope, launched final Christmas, will change that, performing as a magnifying glass — gathering indicators as faint as just a few photons per second — to let astronomers look extra intently at these worlds.

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