The Centaur Resort, which turned a political jail after August 5, 2019, is now sealed.


Showkat Ahmad Kuchay likes to boast that Srinagar’s Centaur Lake View Resort has not been closed for a single day within the turbulent many years of its existence.

The workers ensured it stayed open when the militancy was at its peak within the Nineteen Nineties, when a mass rebellion broke out after the killing of militant commander Burhan Wani, and even when Covid-19 compelled the nation right into a lockdown, claimed Kuchay, who has labored on the resort since 1992.

For possibly the primary time in its historical past, the Centaur Resort is shut. The Jammu and Kashmir administration took over the 252-room resort on the banks of the Dal Lake and sealed it on June 14.

Kuchay and about 160 workers of the resort could now be out of labor. “We begged the officers as our resort was utterly occupied at the moment,” mentioned Kuchay. “We have been frightened about our friends however they didn’t take heed to us.”

Sajad Ahmad Bhat, the resort cashier, recalled the “heartbreaking” sight of aged friends dragging their baggage out, scrambling to seek out one other resort.

Whereas the resort now stands abandoned, its workers – most of whom have labored there because the late Nineteen Eighties and early ’90s – reveal in Srinagar to be allowed to return to work.

“The federal government is so thoughtful about inviting vacationers and Centaur is legendary throughout. Is that this how they’ll serve the vacationers?” requested Kuchay.

However the Centaur isn’t just a draw for vacationers. For near 4 many years, it has been a house for political guests. In August 2019, when Jammu and Kashmir misplaced statehood and autonomy below Article 370, it additionally turned a political jail.

An association

The 252-bedroom constructing was constructed by the Jammu and Kashmir authorities in 1984. In 1982, it had already been leased out to the Resort Company of India, a physique below the Union ministry of aviation, for a interval of 99 years.

Because it sealed the resort 40 years later, the Jammu and Kashmir authorities claimed the company had “violated” the lease settlement and the Jammu and Kashmir Land Grants Act, 1960 by sub-letting the premises to a 3rd social gathering with out consent from the federal government.

The federal government cited a “administration contract” between the Resort Company of India and the Mumbai-based DB Realty in 2010. “The concept was that the group would handle the resort and do some renovations with the intention to entice extra vacationers,” defined Kuchay, who can also be the spokesperson of the Centaur Resort Staff Union.

However the resort workers opposed the deal within the Jammu and Kashmir Excessive Court docket, fearing privatisation and job cuts. Finally, the deal by no means materialised.

Nonetheless, in accordance with Kuchay, the Jammu and Kashmir authorities was the primary to interrupt the unique association with the Centaur Resort. Within the mid-Nineteen Seventies, the state authorities constructed the picturesque Sher-i-Kashmir Conference Centre, managed by the tourism division, to host high-profile conferences and occasions attended by heads of state and overseas dignitaries. The understanding was that the Centaur Resort would home such guests. However after 1989, the state authorities walked out of the association, Kuchay mentioned.

Nonetheless, the resort continued to thrive. Excessive profile visitor nonetheless poured in. Central authorities departments, banks and different companies used the resort as quarters for his or her workers in Srinagar.

Centaur Resort workers protest towards the sealing. Photograph: Umer Asif

Ringside view of historical past

Not surprisingly, the workers on the Centaur Resort have witnessed political historical past first hand. “From India’s prime ministers to its presidents, we now have served all the highest dignitaries of the nation visiting Kashmir,” remarked Kuchay.

He rattled off an inventory of different visiting dignitaries – a princess of Thailand, a head of state from the United Arab Emirates and several other Bollywood celebrities.

In 2005, the Srinagar-Muzaffarabad bus service – connecting the 2 components of Jammu and Kashmir throughout the Line of Management– was flagged off. A delegation from Pakistan that visited Srinagar on the time was hosted on the Centaur Resort.

“It was a complete different expertise,” mentioned a senior member of the workers who didn’t want to be named. “We have been seeing them in Kashmir as official friends for the primary time. It was new to us.”

That transient rapprochement quickly pale and the bus service has been suspended since 2019. That yr, all eyes have been on Centaur Resort for a distinct motive.


On August 5, 2019, because the Centre break up the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories and gutted Article 370, it arrested virtually the complete Kashmiri management, together with former Union Ministers, chief ministers and cupboard ministers, veteran leaders of pro-India political events and different activists. The Centaur was transformed from resort to gaol.

“So far as I bear in mind, the federal government employed a minimum of 50 rooms for the detainees – a single room for every detainee,” recalled one of many resort workers, who didn’t wish to be named. “On the night time of August 4, 2019, we have been informed the resort has been declared as a jail for the detainees.”

In Kashmir, the sudden legislative modifications got here as a shock. However the workers at Centaur set to work, no matter how they seen the choice to jail virtually the complete Kashmiri management.

“We handled them identical to our friends. We have been informed to provide him a selected meals at totally different instances and take care of them,” mentioned the member of the resort workers.

Police officers moved into the premises to look at the detainees, nevertheless it was the resort workers who engaged with them essentially the most, making an attempt to make their incarceration a bit of higher. “We chatted with them,” mentioned the workers member. “A few of them have been ailing and didn’t like resort meals. However we couldn’t assist as they weren’t allowed home-cooked meals.”

In addition they noticed the meals habits of Kashmir’s political elites up shut. The chief of 1 Kashmiri social gathering had a hearty urge for food. A former minister demanded home-cooked meals, which was not allowed on the time. One other chief complained there was an excessive amount of oil within the resort meals.

These have been chaotic instances on the three-star resort, normally recognized for its superbly appointed rooms and manicured lawns. In September 2019, a minimum of two detained leaders have been bitten by rats of their rooms. Outdoors, there have been lengthy, anxious queues of relations ready to see the detainees, being frisked as they entered.

By all of it, a few of the older everlasting friends – for whom the resort served as workers quarters – stayed on. The eye to the brand new friends irked them. “They informed us that we had forgotten them and solely served politicians and leaders,” recalled the workers member, smiling.

Three years later, a lot of their previous friends have been empathetic as they witnessed the sudden eviction and the plight of the resort workers. “A few of them have been telling us to take cash however we have been too shattered to take it,” mentioned Bhat.

The eviction was so sudden, Bhat mentioned, that he didn’t even have time to credit score an quantity of Rs 4,400, paid by a visitor, to the corporate account. “I nonetheless have it with me. I don’t know if I’ll get an opportunity to provide it to the corporate,” he mentioned.

Guests ready to see politicians detained at Centaur Resort in 2019. Photograph: Safwat Zargar

To the courts

The eviction discover was served on April 5 and the federal government had sealed the premises by June 14. Within the meantime, the workers union had moved the excessive courtroom, difficult the eviction order and asking that they be allowed to proceed working even when there was a change in administration.

“The workers have served on the resort for many years and their households, previous mother and father and children are depending on their salaries for survival. Subsequently, their providers shouldn’t be discontinued,” mentioned Mohammad Iqbal Dar, the authorized counsel for the workers’ union.

Earlier than the excessive courtroom may hear the matter, listed for June 21, the federal government had moved in. Nonetheless, in an order dated June 22, the courtroom requested the workers to make a illustration of their case to the federal government inside two weeks. Within the meantime, the federal government was directed to not take any “antagonistic motion” towards the workers.

The workers submitted their illustration to the federal government on July 1 – a reply was anticipated inside per week and a reply remains to be awaited.

In the meantime, the Resort Company of India has moved to the Supreme Court docket in a separate petition relating to the dispute over administration. On June 30, the Supreme Court docket directed the federal government to keep up establishment on the property for six weeks, which might give the Resort Company of India time to maneuver the excessive courtroom for “interim aid”.

A delayed takeover

Whereas the federal government takeover was swift this time, it has been a decade within the making. Earlier Jammu and Kashmir governments have lengthy tried to take the Centaur away from the Resort Company of India.

In 2012, quickly after the workers stalled the administration contract with DB Realty, the state authorities issued an order saying it might take over the resort “together with its workers who’re everlasting residents of the state”. “Everlasting residents” have been individuals who have been thought of native to Jammu and Kashmir. The bureaucratic class was demolished within the legislative modifications of 2019.

The 2012 order was handed in a gathering chaired by then Chief Minister Omar Abdullah, who could be imprisoned on the Centaur Resort in 2019. In accordance with the order, the federal government would take duty for the resort workers as long as they agreed to serve in “any establishment of the state” and abide by the principles and laws of state workers. It additionally promised to look into retirement advantages of such workers and what liabilities the Resort Company of India and the state authorities would bear.

Fayaz Ahmad Bhat, the treasurer of Centaur Resort Staff Union, mentioned they’d always been in contact with the federal government over the proposed takeover. “However it by no means occurred till just lately,” he defined.

Nonetheless, he alleged, the previous assurances to the resort workers seem to have been forgotten. “If the federal government is implementing the takeover order of 2012 now, why are they forgetting the circumstances concerning the workers and their jobs?” he requested.

A senior official within the Jammu and Kashmir authorities, who didn’t wish to be named, mentioned, “Now we have simply adopted the orders and performed all the pieces legally.” As for the federal government’s future plan of action with the workers of Centaur Resort, he mentioned they’d acquired the illustration however no choice had been taken on it but.

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