Hopes And Fears As Armenia Hands Over Village To Azerbaijan


AGHAVNO/ZABUX, Azerbaijan — Posters and kids’s drawings are peeled off partitions and packed away. Books and different objects are boxed.

All the college materials is to be shipped out from the village in a strategic strip of land adjoining to breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh. That deemed not value salvaging is burned.

Underneath phrases of a cease-fire deal that ended the quick struggle in and round Nagorno-Karabakh in 2020 between Azerbaijani troopers and ethnic Armenian forces, Armenians are as a result of hand management of the village they name Aghavno, however Azerbaijanis title Zabux, over to Azerbaijani forces.

The village is situated alongside the Lachin hall, a strip of land that connects what Azerbaijanis name merely Karabakh to Armenia and which is now below management of Russian troops deployed to the area within the wake of the battle two years in the past.

Now, Azerbaijan has constructed a brand new roadway — simply south of the previous one — that can enable them to retake management of ethnic Armenian villages inside the strip.

The shortage of such an alternate street in 2020 delayed the switch of Lachin. And with the brand new street now largely in place, the switch is anticipated to go forward though there was no official announcement from Baku.

Nevertheless, folks residing within the area have been urged to vacate their houses earlier than August 25 by the de facto native ethnic Armenian authorities, though Baku has not issued any calls for them to depart.

Ethnic Azeris fled villages within the Lachin area in 1992, when ethnic Armenian fighters occupied it. Even 30 years later, some nonetheless hope to return to their houses. However many ethnic Armenians within the village they name Aghavno are defiant, some saying they’ll stay till compelled out.

“We’re pondering of taking the kids out, however we adults will keep till the final day, till the final hour, we are going to see how they’ll perform the acquisition and sale, or no matter else you name it,” Anush Arakelian not too long ago advised RFE/RL’s Armenian Service.

WATCH: Thirty years after being displaced amid battle from their native village, some Azerbaijanis nonetheless dream of returning to Zabux.

The city’s present destiny is linked to the battle in 2020, when greater than 6,500 folks had been killed in 44 days of combating. It ended with a Russian-brokered deal below which Armenian forces withdrew from swathes of territory that they had occupied since 1992-93.

Moscow has despatched some 2,000 troops to the area, deployed to the areas of breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh nonetheless held by ethnic Armenians after their forces withdrew.

A part of that drive was deployed alongside the Lachin hall. As soon as the brand new street opens, that drive is meant to maneuver there too, ostensibly to protect it.

The phrases of the cease-fire stipulated {that a} plan to construct a brand new street to exchange the present hall be offered inside three years, bypassing Lachin metropolis, Zabux, and Sus, as they’re referred to as by the Azerbaijanis.

Nevertheless, Azerbaijan is way forward of that schedule, asserting on August 11 that it had accomplished its estimated 20-kilometer stretch of a 32-kilometer street.

There’s some query over when the street can be formally opened, as Armenia has simply began building on its several-kilometer part of the brand new street, it was reported on August 11.

Regardless of the date, Mariam Hakobain advised RFE/RL that she is going to keep to the final day, when the Russian troops go away. “We as a nation stood up and dedicated suicide,” she mentioned, including that solely 9 households wished to remain elsewhere in Nagorno-Karabakh.

“We’re crushed,” Hakobian mentioned.

Anush Arakelian, an Armenian-language and literature instructor, says it is develop into a digital ghost city with what exercise there may be, largely automobiles driving in and transport out private results.

Lida Smbatian cannot think about abandoning her dwelling, particularly the strawberries, greens, and flowers she has tended in her backyard since shifting there in 1994. “All my pleasure was in my strawberries, in my strawberry area, within the grapes. See, the tomatoes are ripe now,” she lamented in feedback to RFE/RL’s Armenian Service.

To assist them discover new houses, the Armenian authorities has promised every household 10 million drams (round $24,700), a sum many say will not purchase a lot in Armenia. That monetary support is meant to return within the type of a voucher.

Ethnic Armenians within the area, nonetheless, have mentioned they have been advised they’ll solely get that voucher in the event that they go away their houses as is. That’s, with no seen harm, as occurred in late 2020 when a number of houses had been broken by their owners earlier than being vacated within the Kalbacar district forward of a deadline dictated by the Russian-brokered cease-fire.

Footage has emerged exhibiting what seems to be an ethnic Armenian in Aghavno setting alight his personal home, a video that has gone viral on YouTube. A sequence of fires have additionally been reported alongside the street in Lachin in latest days. Though it’s unclear what prompted the blazes, Azerbaijanis have been fast in charge fleeing Armenians for them.

Whereas the deadline has stirred dread among the many ethnic Armenians residing there, it has rekindled hope for the ethnic Azerbaijanis who had been displaced 30 years in the past, some now hoping to return to Zabux. “We escaped below dire circumstances. We could not discover a automotive. We acquired into one automotive, then one other. With out garments. Every part was left to the Armenians,” mentioned Sitara Mammadova, now 90 years previous. “We could not take something. We got here right here and by some means coped,” defined Mammadova, who now lives in a former boarding home outdoors Baku, including that she nonetheless hopes to return to Zabux.



The battle over the area erupted within the late Nineteen Eighties within the waning days of the Soviet Union. All-out struggle resulted in 1994, with greater than 30,000 folks killed and greater than 1 million folks displaced, primarily ethnic Azeris.

On the finish of the combating in 1994, ethnic Armenian forces had been in full management or partial management of Nagorno-Karabakh and 7 adjoining districts. Within the 2020 combating, Baku took again the seven districts in addition to a part of the Karabakh territory.

Isaq Mamishov is one other displaced Azerbaijani craving to return. “There are some [Azerbaijanis] who misplaced their whole household [in the 1990s conflict],” he advised RFE/RL’s Azerbaijani Service in July.

“How can their kids dwell facet by facet with Armenians once more? Sure, it’s true that we’re a peace-loving nation…. And if our president offers an order, our nation will go for it. Even when it is exhausting, we are going to settle for that, as a result of all of us love our president. We are going to observe what he says. But it surely will not work,” Mamishov added pessimistically.

Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, whose recognition was boosted by the 2020 battle to ranges he has hardly ever loved throughout his almost twenty years of authoritarian rule, has advised these remaining in villages in Lachin had been “struggle criminals.”

“We hear information coming from there that somebody says they’ll keep and won’t go away. It’s their enterprise, however they’re struggle criminals. They need to not take a look at our endurance. Allow them to go away by their very own will, we do not care the place they go,” Aliyev was quoted as saying by Azerbaijani media on August 12.

Azerbaijanis fled Zabux throughout the first struggle within the Nineteen Nineties, when it got here below management of Armenian forces together with the remainder of the encircling Lachin district. Renamed Aghavno it was rebuilt with monetary backing from Armenian diaspora organizations and populated by Armenians, some from Armenia and others from Armenian communities in Syria and Lebanon.

Because the handover looms, tensions have been constructing on the 2 nations’ shared border since Could 2021, when Armenia protested what it described as an incursion by Azerbaijani troops into its territory. Azerbaijan has insisted that its troopers had been deployed in areas the place the border has but to be demarcated.

A loaded truck leaves Aghavno on August 10.

A loaded truck leaves Aghavno on August 10.

Sporadic clashes have taken place within the final 12 months, the most recent approaching August 3. De facto ethnic Armenian navy leaders mentioned drone assaults carried out by Azerbaijani forces killed two of their troops and wounded one other 19.

Russia accused Baku of violating the shaky truce, whereas america and the European Union urged an “fast” cessation of hostilities.

Since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, its navy mission to the area has confronted even higher challenges than earlier than, with criticism coming from either side. In an obvious bid to enhance its picture, the Russian mission’s head invited a number of native activists and politicians for a uncommon assembly on August 4 to debate the latest incidents, the Worldwide Disaster Group famous.

Regardless of the uptick in tensions, again in her village, Smbatian expresses hope that her backyard — and its harvest — generally is a token of friendship to its new occupants. Greens from the backyard ought to be ripe for choosing someday within the fall, and the house will seemingly be occupied by Azerbaijanis, Smbatian defined.

“I do not know who will eat it or whether or not they are going to be cursing or blessing us.”

Written by Tony Wesolowsky based mostly on reporting by RFE/RL’s Armenian and Azerbaijani providers

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